Archive for the ‘The Art of Stained Glass’ Category

Stained Glass Mosaic Candle Holder

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Hi everyone, I am back. I know I have been out of touch for awhile but its been a busy year so far. I was out of commission with my back again, but hopefully that is over with it sure interferes with my Stained glass and Mosaic projects.

The past month or so I have been very busy trying to get back in the swing of things so I should have a few things to post about. I just completed this awesome Stained Glass Mosaic candle holder approximately 7.5 x 7.5 x 7.5. I am so excited about this one I will definitely be making more of these for Christmas gifts this year. I just love this piece I was making it for a gift but now thinking I may have to keep it for myself.

These candle holders are fun to make. I cut all the glass with my saw (sure glad I have that) and grinded the edges down smoothly. I glued the pieces on with the E6000 clear glue, the flowers on all four sides are from the jewelry section at Michaels.  I used the pre mixed grout (Black) from Home Depot. After all the grout clean up and allowed to dry for a day or so I sealed the grout and added some shiny varnish. The varnish part was a bit tricky for me because I got it on the glass, pretty messy of me. The varnish on the glass is not easy to get off if you let it dry on there. So lessons learned for me lol don’t be so messy with the varnish. These can also be made for purchase upon request.  That’s it for now I have to go make something else. Hope everyone has a great weekend.




Bring Focus to your Stained Glass Projects

Patinas are used to color or darken solder lines. The most common patina colors are black and copper. Using patinas brings the focus on the glass and the design of your stained glass piece. This makes the glass colors, textures and designs of the stained glass piece the main focus. Below is one without patina and one after patina.

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Before you apply patinas, be sure all flux residues is removed. This can be done using a commercial flux remover or washing the stained glass piece with dish soap and baking soda.
Steps for Applying Patinas
Use a brush, rag or cotton ball to dab patina on to the zinc frame. Do not use a brushing action, as this can leave streaking or patchy coverage.
Next, apply patina to solder lines. Be sure all edges of solder lines have been covered.
Then, turn project over and repeat the process on that side.
Lastly, thoroughly rinse the patina off the stained glass piece. After it is completely dry, a minimum of 24hours, finishing compound can be applied.

Tips and techniques for Applying Patinas
Safety Always wear rubber gloves when applying patina.
If patina appears spotty, use super fine steel wool to clean the area, and then re-apply the patina.
To avoid oxidation, clean and apply patina immediately after project is soldered.

While patina will mask some inconsistencies in you solder lines, others will still be noticeable and take away from the professional look of your piece. With patience, practice and the correct tools and supplies, you can have professional solder lines.

Most patinas come in an 8 oz bottle. Avoid contaminating the liquid in the bottle by never re-dipping your applicator back into the bottle. Pour out a lid full and use this as your re-dip point.

You may experience different end results with the use of different brands of patinas. One common brand and easily found on store shelves and on line is Novacan. It is available in different formulas for different metals i.e. lead vs. zinc. As you experiment with different brands, you will notice that the more expensive ones do seem to shine more. Sometimes simple wax and compound can help this situation too.

Usually, if need be, patinas can be removed by using steel wool and some elbow grease. So don’t  fret if you think the application has made your art work look bad or if you just don’t  like the shiny lines dark.

I was not a fan of most patinas; however, I now know that by using this product, you do experience brilliant colorful glass. All attention is quickly turned from solder lines to the subject of your glass creation  the glass.

Another note of concern applies to patinas as well as other chemicals used in stained glass production. That is evaporation. Be sure and keep the lids tightly screwed on your bottles of supplies as some do seem to disappear into thin air. This will also avoid waste if tipped over accidentally.











We Love Magnolias – Our Largest Project

This post will be all about our largest project from beginning to installation and I hope you will enjoy.  The first thing was to measure the area which is the transom over our front door, well that was the easy part. Working this project would be difficult since all I had was a photo of the area and my template to go by since I was not staying there at the time. The next couple of photos will show you the area and the template.

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The trick would be to make this an exact fit to the measurements.  I have to say I was a little worried, since there was no way of verifying as you go since I was 2600 miles away , so I could only hope it would fit when we were finished. I had to piece this together to fit my template , since this pattern was for a 9  x  12 square piece there was a lot of cutting and arranging before I could even start cutting the glass. After all the arranging and cutting the pattern pieces it time to start cutting the glass which was very difficult, I broke so many pieces after all it was only my 3rd project and I was cutting them by hand and grinding, I thought I would never get through this so my husband and I decided to by a saw from Gryphon. That was the greatest idea we every had, as soon as the new saw came of course I had to learn how to use it, to make the perfect cuts. Didn’t take very long to learn how to do that correctly and this sure made my project run faster and smoother. I would recommend a saw to everyone who wants to work with glass. The next few photos will be the in process shots we took.

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Only thing left is to frame, and the patina and wax,  this is all the easy stuff . The next thing was to carry this home for Christmas to install, which is a long way to travel with a large piece of glass. We had to carry this in the back window of the car wrapped up really good for our 3 day trip home for the holidays. Long trip but we  made and I could not wait to install this, we were both really excited and hoping that it would fit. See the finishing photos below, I hope you enjoy because I know we did all the way through installation.

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The last two photos are from the outside at night oh how I love this window, my husband and I are so happy that it fit perfectly. This looks so nice installed  we are starting something new.  Hope you enjoyed this and will come back for the next post. Please share and like.

Stained Glass Windows | Choosing the right pattern and color for your home


Choosing stained glass windows can be a challenging task simply because of the fact that there are so many different types to choose from. You will find that the following types of stained glass windows exist: Opalescent, Cathedral, Streaky, Textured, Translucent, and Wispy.

However, the glass types of Cathedral, Translucent, and Opalescent are actually the most common types that are chosen by many for their home and/or business.

In this helpful guide, they will introduce you to these common types so that if you are in the process of choosing stained glass windows, you may have a little knowledge on these particular selections.

Cathedral stained windows are extremely popular when it comes to homes, businesses, churches, and synagogues across the nation. This type of window has a glass that is actually transparent in nature and typically reflects at least one single color. There are many different color selections available when it comes to this type of window.

In addition to this, you will find that you can choose among many different types of textures for the glass. Examples of common textures include that of Artique, Glue Chip, Iridescent, and Seedy. This type of glass was originally introduced in cathedrals in the 10th century by the Europeans, which is how it got its name.

Translucent glass in stained glass windows is the next common choice by many. With this type of window, you will be able to see light well from the outdoors, in, but will be unable to make out anything but shadows. This is a type of stained glass that is often used in lamps and things of a similar nature.

However, many elect to use this type of glass in panels that are installed in the home, as well as windows. If you are looking for privacy, and a high sense of décor, then this is the type of stained glass that you will want to choose for your home and/or business.

The next type of stained glass that is relatively common is Opalescent glass. One color or several colors can be displayed on this glass. It has an appearance that is relatively milky. Details from the outside can be viewed through stained glass windows that use this type of glass.

However, in some instances, the milky effect helps to reserve a sense of privacy in your home and/or business. If you are choosing stained glass windows for your home and/or business, you are likely to find that the three main choices mentioned here can meet your needs.


















Let the Sun Shine In – Stained Glass


A glorious day with the sun shining bright in the sky is very heartwarming and soothes the soul regardless of whether it is summer or winter. The warmth that the sun exudes makes a body comfortable and your home takes on a coziness of its own.

Your windows in your home are a perfect starting point to enhance the light emitting from the brightness outside. Hanging stained glass panels in your windows has never been more popular with the many choices of hand crafted glass depicting brilliant colors and designs.

There are many stained glass window panels to choose from including:

- Stunning flowers such as magnolias, daffodils, irises and roses. All colors of the spectrum are represented and the flowers look so real you can almost smell them!
- Delicious looking grapes in purple, green and golden grapes on the vine produce a beautiful reflection from the light entering your window.
- Birds including hummingbirds, bright red cardinals and bluebirds are but a few of the choices available to let the outdoor world inside your home.
- Butterflies are absolutely stunning with the multitude of vibrant colors and scenes depicting one of Mother Nature’s contributions.
- Animals, domestic and wild are featured in meadows and forests as a natural backdrop. Bears, moose, cats and pheasants all are crafted with a brilliant hue.
- Geometric panels with varying designs serve as a focal point and make the reflection from the sun dance across your room.
- Celtic art images with interweaving lines and magical colors set off any room with portrayals of deer, doves and dragonflies
- Flags that show your patriotism are not limited to red, white and blue. American eagles and seals of all of the US armed forces branches are available.
- Nursery panels are all brightly colored and include images of teddy bears, carousels, hobby horses and trains. All are a sure hit with young children.

Various sizes are available including small stained glass panels depending on your taste. It will be hard to imagine all of the reflecting possibilities when the sun makes contact with stained glass panels. What you see in the morning can be totally different in the afternoon as the sun completes the circuit of your home.














The Secret to Perfect Solder Lines

Stained Glass Soldering

Solder is used to hold the various pieces of stained glass together in a stained glass panel. To achieve a professional quality, solder lines need to be smooth and uniform. This can be achieved by following basic steps and using quality tools and supplies.

The tools and supplies needed for soldering include a soldering iron, solder and flux. The soldering iron should have a ceramic heating element with either a built in temperature controller or plugged into a separate temperature controller unit. The solder used needs to be a 60/40 mixture of alloys for the majority of your soldering. For decorative soldering, an alloy mixture of 60/37 solder is recommended. An odorless non-smoking liquid flux is the preferred flux.

Basic Steps for Soldering

    1. Heat the soldering iron to 68 on the temperature controller
    2. Use an abrasive pad or wet sponge to clean the iron’s tip before you begin and periodically as you work
    3. Lightly apply flux to a section of the stained glass project you are working on
    4. Using 60/40 solder, unroll it to a manageable length, and then lightly touch the area to be worked on
    5. Place the solder on the tip of your iron and move both the iron and the solder at a slow constant rate following the fluxed copper foil seams
    6. When you need to end or stop, do not just move the iron vertically off, but rather slide the iron towards the glass
    7. Don’t solder out to the perimeter of your stained glass piece, leave approximately ½ inch along the edge. This will allow the zinc came to fit over your glass

When finished with one side of your stained glass piece, carefully turn it over and repeat the same process on that side.

How to Avoid Common Problems

    • Pits or bubbles in solder lines – Too much flux causes pits and bubbles
    • Portions of copper foil visible – Using too little flux, portions of the copper foil will remain visible
    • Lumpy lines – The iron is not hot enough, turn the temperature up in small increments
    • Glass breaks – Either the iron was too hot or it was held in one place too long
    • Solder spits and sputters – Too much flux was used
    • Lines flat – The iron was moved too quickly or not enough solder was used
    • Solder bulges – The iron was moved too slowly or too much solder was used
    • Peaks in solder – The iron was not hot enough
    • Solder seeps through to the other side – The iron was too hot
    • Copper foil lifts up when soldering – This could be a result from too hot of an iron, moving too slowly, too much flux or a bad foiling job.

While patina will mask some inconsistencies in your solder lines, others will still be noticeable and take away from the professional look of your piece. With patience, practice and the correct tools and supplies, you, too, can have professional solder lines.  Also please watch the video to the right of this post.






How Stained Glass Works

How Stained Glass Works

­Making stained glass is an ancient art that can be traced back to the early Egyptians. Although the first colored glass may have been used as jewelry or even currency, we probably know the art form best from seeing stained glass in the windows of churches. These windows are really paintings that use light, glass and a metal framework to create a design.

The earliest stained glass windows were created for the Roman Catholic Church, and often told Bible stories in pictures. This was at a time when most people couldn’t read, so these luminous paintings were one of the few representations of the glory and transcendent nature of their spiritual beliefs. At a time before television, radio or even pictures painted on canvas, stained glass windows wer­e probably one of the most dramatic, instructive and important works of art most people were exposed to.

­Many of these ancient masterpieces have been lost as a result of religious upheavals and political strife, but many still remain, like the stained glass windows at Chartres Cathedral in France, or at Canterbury Cathedral in England.

Changes in taste and innovations in glassmaking hav­e made working with stained glass easier than ever before. Because colored glass is now cheaper and good designs and tutorials are easy to find, the hobby is steadily gaining in popularity. With some practice, patience and a few important tools, creating art with colored glass is a hobby that’s available to almost everyone




Stained Glass Artwork: Tools and Techniques Used by Artisans


Stained glass artists are talented and proficient craftspeople who specialize in bringing every type of designs to existence. To supply art which is sturdy and aesthetically pleasing, artists make use of many tools and techniques on the trade. Here is often a quick (and simplified) summary from the process stained glass artists use to create the colorful styles noticed in churches, federal government buildings, and private residences.

Building a Template

Earlier than an artist brings a do the trick to existence implementing minor and good sized pieces of colored glass, he or she primary provides a detailed drawing with the complete picture. This drawing will need to be precisely the same dimension as the window opening or other area where by the art can be shown. Items of glass will ought to be joined with result in develop the last work, so lines to indicate exactly where this main will go also ought to be integrated while in the template. As compared to the last piece, this template is relatively rather simple in look.

Cutting the Glass Items Desired

Glass cutting is usually a process that should always be mastered by all stained glass artists. They may use various tools to lower glass in to the sizes and shapes required for stained glass styles. A carbon steel glass cutter is an excellent decision when accuracy is very important, when diamond glass cutters can be utilized on even exceptionally arduous glass. There may be also a specialized instrument stained glass artists use once they will need to lower glass into best circles. It works in a good deal exactly the same way as a compass in the math set. A suction cup is utilized to mark the center on the circle and an arm is then rotated to score the glass.

Smoothing the Pieces

To be sure all pieces will match collectively neatly and the design would be reproduced exactly as it is depicted inside the template, the artist should clean the edges on all items. The artist might probably polish the edges by using a special form of sandpaper or an electrical grinder. A brush is then implemented to remove any particles through the edges.

Inspecting the Reduce and Sanded Items

This may very well be considered of since the top quality handle step in the procedure. The artist will examine each piece to make sure it’s the same exact size as indicated in the template as well as right shade.

Becoming a member of the individual Pieces Collectively to Recreate the Template

This is certainly the stage at which the style and design is definitely introduced to life. Every one of the particular person items are joined utilizing copper foil or lead arrived to provide the final operate of art.

Installing the Art

Finally, the effort is installed inside a window opening, ceiling region, or other area. The artist is absolutely not automatically associated with this portion of the procedure. Relying to the size and weight of the work, more supports might really need to be extra to the opening.

Of course, designing stained glass artwork can be a complicated and labor-intensive process. For your individuals who cherish the warm glow and traditional elegance of stained glass art, all the same, the last result is perfectly really worth the work and cost.

Understanding Basics of Stained Glass Doors

Stained Glass Doors

The technical challenges concerned with the designing and installation of stained glass doors and windows vary from hobbyists to professionals. Noticing a shade of flower, holding it in mind and creating it as images for a glass work is not that easy. It is the task which is both an art and science.

From drawing a rough shade to giving a final touch to it, a lot of technical knowledge and experience is required. For example, creating stained form of glass doors involves a lot of basics to consider like:

Copper foil panels

Before wrapping the edges with thin metallic strips, it is important checking if the glass matches a pattern. Next steps that come after it includes arranging the foiled glass on the pattern followed by applying flux to the seams and soldering the seams to hold the pieces of glass together.

According to experts, the copper foil method is meant to create more intricately shaped pieces. The method is ideal to use for both the doors and windows of stained form of glass. Read more »

Stained Glass – Moving From Ancient to Modern

Stained glass from ancient to modern Mosaic

Stained glass is the ancient glass art that was used for decorating churches, chapels and important shrines and places of pilgrimage in the ancient times. From its past heritage and usage to the modern decoration ideas, stained glass art has come a long way. It is today one of the breathtaking concepts in design and decorating public places and recreational joints with modern scriptures, caricatures, public figures, beauty depictions, female figures, and animal forms.

The stained form of glass began its modern curve in the 19th Century itself with the use of the art for decorating glass windows and doors in homes. From the European to the Asian homes, the form became a regular option for colored glass doors and windows, entrance doors, verandah or porch doors, patio and gallery boundary etc. One can now find their use in modern workplaces and commercial centers. Read more »